Betancourt’s integrative Model for the Study of Culture and Behavior (Betancourt, Flynn, Riggs, & Garberoglio, 2010; Betancourt, Hardin, & Manzi, 1992; Betancourt & Lopez, 1993) was used to test whether fatalistic cultural beliefs differentially influenced achievement aspiration among adolescents from different cultural groups in Chile (Mapuche and Mainstream Chileans) and the U.S. (Latino and Anglo). The results were as follows: 1) Higher levels of fatalism did negatively influence achievement aspiration, in Chile and the U.S., 2) Students in Chile and the U.S. had similar levels of cultural beliefs, 3) SES groups had significant differences in fatalism levels among mainstream and minority students but only in the U.S., and 4) Low SES minority and mainstream students had similar levels of fatalistic cultural beliefs in the U.S. and Chile. These results demonstrate the importance of the relation between SES and fatalism and its relevance in achievement across ethnic and national groups. In addition, the implications for intervention in educational programs in culturally diverse societies are discussed. Challenges for future research include issues related to the role of fatalism and related psychological processes in achievement aspirations and outcomes.
School of Behavioral Health
Flynn, Patricia M.
Navarrete, Brenda V.
Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
Year Degree Awarded
Date (Title Page)
Library of Congress/MESH Subject Headings
Adolescent Psychology - Cross-cultural Studies; Achievement Motivation; Motivation (Psychology) in Adolescence; Fate and Fatalism - Psychological Aspects; Attitude (Psychology) - Cross-cultural Studies; Adolescent Behavior; Motivation;
Subject - Local
Chile; United States;
Loma Linda University Libraries
This title appears here courtesy of the author, who has granted Loma Linda University a limited, non-exclusive right to make this publication available to the public. The author retains all other copyrights.
Lee, Susan, "Fatalistic Cultural Beliefs in Achievement Aspiration in the U.S. and Chile" (2014). Loma Linda University Electronic Theses, Dissertations & Projects. Paper 248.
Loma Linda University Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Loma Linda University. Del E. Webb Memorial Library. University Archives