Measurement of bioturbation reflects physical and biological processes operating over time and can be used to reveal information about paleo-environments. The purpose of this study was to determine the intensity of bioturbation in Triassic Moenkopi Formation at Hurricane Mesa in Southwestern Utah. This formation is interpreted as having been deposited mostly in large ancient river channels, tidal flats, delta and shallow marine environments. Five stratigraphic sections measured in the Virgin Limestone Member provided the basis for this study. Detailed descriptions and quantification of bioturbation were recorded in each of the sections. Similar treatment was given to additional study sites in the rest of the formation, above the Virgin Limestone. Treatments on selected samples were implemented to better reveal evidence of bioturbation. In these treatments samples were coated with water or oil, etched with HCL and viewed under blacklight. Integrating the results of the treatments with x-ray diffraction and petrographic analysis suggest that there was minimal bioturbation. These findings are consistent with more rapid deposition than previously reported by other researchers.
Earth and Biological Sciences
School of Medicine
Master of Science (MS)
Year Degree Awarded
Date (Title Page)
Library of Congress/MESH Subject Headings
Geology, Stratigraphic -- Triassic; Sediments (Geology) - Utah - Moenkopi Formation; Sedimentation and deposition; Bioturbation; Taphonomy; Paelontology - Triassic; Petrology- Utah - Moenkopi Formation; Formations (Geology) -- West (U.S.)
Subject - Local
Paleo-environments; Hurricane Mesa, Utah; X-ray diffraction; Petrographic analysis
Loma Linda University Libraries
This title appears here courtesy of the author, who has granted Loma Linda University a limited, non-exclusive right to make this publication available to the public. The author retains all other copyrights.
Bird, James Vernon Jr., "Taphonomy of Sediments: Bioturbation in the Triassic Moenkopi Formation in Southwestern Utah" (2016). Loma Linda University Electronic Theses, Dissertations & Projects. Paper 336.
Loma Linda University Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Loma Linda University. Del E. Webb Memorial Library. University Archives