Replicate colonies were observed at three study sites in southern California. Hourly activity was monitored during winter and spring.
The time outside the nest ranged from strictly diurnal in Pogonomyrmex californicus to bimodal to nocturnal in Pheidole barbata. Four aspects of surface activity, foraging, nest work, patrolling, and convening, also differed among species in hour and/or in relative proportion of such activity. Finally, interesting species differences were seen in climbing ability, running time between stops, and response to air blasts (Messor oergandei and Pheidole barbata were the least aggressive). Solenopsis maniosa was one of the three worst glass climbers, along with Pogonomyrmex californicus and Pogonomyrmex magnacanthus; Conomyrma bicolor and Myrmecocystus species were the best.
In summary, this study suggests many variables for further analysis of diversity, such as activity each hour, climbing ability, and response to disturbance.
Elwood S. McCluskey
Marvin A. Peters
Master of Arts (MA)
Year Degree Awarded
Date (Title Page)
Library of Congress/MESH Subject Headings
Ants -- Behavior -- California; Desert fauna -- California
Loma Linda University Libraries
This title appears here courtesy of the author, who has granted Loma Linda University a limited, non-exclusive right to make this publication available to the public. The author retains all other copyrights.
Neal, Jack S., "Field Behavior Comparison of 8 Species of California Desert Ants" (1985). Loma Linda University Electronic Theses, Dissertations & Projects. 1070.
Loma Linda University Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Loma Linda University. Del E. Webb Memorial Library. University Archives