Cephalometric and dental morphology records were obtained from forty-three contemporary Apache Indian subjects (living at the Stewart Boarding School for Indians, Carson City, Nevada) to study the cranial, facial, skeletal and dentitional patterns and compare discriminately to other contemporary North American Indian groups: Pima, Papago, Mayo and Chamula. Materials on other Indian tribes considered were obtained from studies completed at Loma Linda University. The data obtained from dental morphology analysis of the Apache Indian subjects was com pared to the Mongoloid Master Pattern (1-4) as described by Moorrees (1957).

The contemporary Apache Indian conformed to the Mongoloid Master Pattern for shoveling, low incidences of Carabelli's cusp and the small maxillary central and lateral incisor ratio but deviated from the pat tern in exhibiting only 5 percent of mandibular tori. Descriptive statistical analyses were performed: analysis of variance, t-tests and a stepwise discriminant function analysis, the latter proving to be the most useful. Results indicated small differences between contemporary North American Indian tribes studied. These statistical differences established computer sensitivity for discrimination between the different tribes. The Apache Indian was found to be significantly different from the Papago and Pima in a number of dental and facial characteristics.


Graduate School

First Advisor

Thomas J. Zwemer

Second Advisor

Howard W. Conley

Third Advisor

Gayle H. Nelson

Fourth Advisor

P. William Dysinger

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Degree Level


Year Degree Awarded


Date (Title Page)




Library of Congress/MESH Subject Headings

Dentition; Anthropometry; Indians, North American -- Nevada



Page Count

vii; 46

Digital Format


Digital Publisher

Loma Linda University Libraries

Usage Rights

This title appears here courtesy of the author, who has granted Loma Linda University a limited, non-exclusive right to make this publication available to the public. The author retains all other copyrights.


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