Flow state is a valued psychological state of enjoyment and well-being. It is characterized by feelings of intrinsic self-reward and marked by nine dimensions theorized to contribute to flow state. Flow has been studied mostly in elite athletes, whom report highly lucid flow experiences; to a much lesser extent it has been studied in recreational exercisers. Most prior research methodologies involve experience sampling or qualitative techniques, such as interviewing. Only one demonstrably valid and reliable flow instrument is widely available for efficient, quantitative measure of flow experiences. This study measures flow longitudinally in a recreational exercising population by comparing a new flow instrument with the established one. The new instrument’s psychometric properties are analyzed, and measures of convergent and divergent validity are provided, as well as internal consistency and factor structure. This study also examines the predictive powers of the new instrument and the existing instrument in predicting exercise frequency at four-month follow-up.
Leslie R. Martin
Doctor of Psychology (PsyD)
Year Degree Awarded
Date (Title Page)
Library of Congress/MESH Subject Headings
Optimism; Cheerfulness; Sports -- Psychological aspects; Recreation; Exercise
Loma Linda University Libraries
This title appears here courtesy of the author, who has granted Loma Linda University a limited, non-exclusive right to make this publication available to the public. The author retains all other copyrights.
Chichester, Brian Michael, "A Longitudinal Examination of Flow as a Predictor of Recreational Exercise" (2003). Loma Linda University Electronic Theses, Dissertations & Projects. 1410.
Loma Linda University Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Loma Linda University. Del E. Webb Memorial Library. University Archives