In this study, the copper status of 18 vegetarian and 17 non-vegetarian men were compared. Copper status was assessed by determining red blood cell superoxide dismutase (RBC-SOD) activity and plasma copper. Plasma copper levels were measured by atomic absorption spectroscopy. Plasma cholesterol, triacyclglycerols, HDL cholesterol, LDL cholesterol VLDL cholesterol were also determined. Twenty-four hour recalls and three-day food records were obtained to determine copper, zinc, energy, protein, fat, fiber, saturated fat, oleic acid, linoleic acid and cholesterol intake. Non-vegetarians had a significantly higher plasma cholesterol and LDL cholesterol than vegetarians. They also had a significantly higher cholesterol, saturated fat, percent calories as fat, protein and oleic acid intake. Vegetarians had a significantly higher fiber intake than non-vegetarians. There was no correlation between either RBC-SOD activity or plasma copper and any of the blood lipids or dietary components. In this study we observed no significant difference between the copper status of vegetarian and non-vegetarian men.
James W. Blankenship
Master of Science (MS)
Year Degree Awarded
Date (Title Page)
Library of Congress/MESH Subject Headings
Coronary Disease; Anticholesteremic Agents; Hypercholesterolemia
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This title appears here courtesy of the author, who has granted Loma Linda University a limited, non-exclusive right to make this publication available to the public. The author retains all other copyrights.
Bruce, Susan, "The Copper Status of Vegetarian and Non-vegetarian Men" (1983). Loma Linda University Electronic Theses, Dissertations & Projects. 1517.
Loma Linda University Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Loma Linda University. Del E. Webb Memorial Library. University Archives