Occupational stress is costly in terms of human suffering and impaired organizational effectiveness. Occupational stress involves the interface between the individual worker and the work environment. The purpose of the study was to analyze the fit between motivational style and the type of job demands as a contributing factor in developing occupational stress symptoms. A literature review of occupational stress models was conducted. The six models compared and contrasted included the Person-Environment fit model (French, Rodgers, & Cobb, 1974), Integrative Transactional Model (Schuler, 1982), Organizational Stress Models (Ivancevich & Matteson, 1987; Parker & DeCotiis, 1983), Facet Analysis Model (Beehr & Newman, 1978), Occupational Stress and Job Performance Model (Motowidlo, Manning, & Packard, 1986), and Structural models (Parasuraman & Alutto, 1984; Cooper & Baglioni, 1988). A cross sectional study design was used. The sample consisted of 575 deans, associate deans, and chair persons within the California State University system who responded to a mailed questionnaire. Three motivational styles and types of job demands were measured using instruments derived from Porter's motivational theory (1976). Correlational data indicated that misfit was related to perceived work stress and the perception of poor coping ability. Stress-related illnesses were correlated with poor perceived ability to cope. There was an association between misfit and consideration to change jobs as a result of stress at work. The study added support to the Person-Environment fit model and focused on another dimension of occupational stress.


School of Public Health

First Advisor

Jerry W. Lee

Second Advisor

Christine M. Neish

Third Advisor

Gunter Reiss

Degree Name

Doctor of Public Health (DrPH)

Degree Level


Year Degree Awarded


Date (Title Page)




Library of Congress/MESH Subject Headings

Stress, Psychological; Occupations; Motivation



Page Count

2; iii; 96

Digital Format


Digital Publisher

Loma Linda University Libraries

Usage Rights

This title appears here courtesy of the author, who has granted Loma Linda University a limited, non-exclusive right to make this publication available to the public. The author retains all other copyrights.


Loma Linda University Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Collection Website



Loma Linda University. Del E. Webb Memorial Library. University Archives