The investigator sought to determine which neuropsychological tests are more likely to predict an individual’s cognitive decline (i.e., normal to mild cognitive impairment, mild cognitive impairment to Alzheimer’s disease) two years prior to conversion. A sample of non-decliners (N=109) compared to those who declined (N=24) in cognitive status (i.e., mild cognitive impairment or Alzheimer’s disease) with a mean age of 61.44 (SD=11.29) was examined. Results indicate the Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure Test, Retention Trial (RCFT Retention; OR=0.93, p=0.005) is a significant predictor of conversion to MCI and the Buschke Delay (OR=0.54, p=0.017) is a significant predictor of conversion to AD. Due to group sample size difference, additional analyses were conducted utilizing a subsample of demographically matched non-decliners. Results indicate the RCFT Retention is a significant predictor of conversion to MCI (OR=0.94, p=0.019) and AD (OR=0.90, p=0.048) and Buschke Delay (OR=0.68, p=0.027) is a significant predictor of conversion to AD. Given the results of this dissertation, it may be important for clinicians/researchers to monitor these measures for the purpose of predicting cognitive decline.
School of Behavioral Health
Vermeersch, David A.
Miller, Karen J.
Dye, Richelin V.
Hartman, Richard E.
Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
Year Degree Awarded
Date (Title Page)
Library of Congress/MESH Subject Headings
Memory - Age Factors; Cognition - Age Factors; Aging - Psychological Aspects
Subject - Local
Mild Cognitive Impairment; Alzheimer's Disease; Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure Test; Buschke Delay
Loma Linda University Libraries
This title appears here courtesy of the author, who has granted Loma Linda University a limited, non-exclusive right to make this publication available to the public. The author retains all other copyrights.
Baerresen, Kimberly M., "Predicting Cognitive Decline in Older Adults" (2014). Loma Linda University Electronic Theses, Dissertations & Projects. 180.
Loma Linda University Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Loma Linda University. Del E. Webb Memorial Library. University Archives