Background: Plantar fasciitis (PF) is one of the most common soft tissue disorders that causes inferior heel and rear foot pain. Monophasic pulsed current (MPC) is a method of electrical stimulation (ES) clinically used to promote and accelerate wound healing processes. The aim of this prospective clinical trial was to investigate the effect of MPC and MPC coupled with plantar fascia specific stretching exercises (SE) in the treatment of PF. Methods: Forty four participants (twenty- two subjects were women; 22 were men with a mean age of 49 ± 10.6 years) diagnosed with PF were randomly allocated to receive MPC (n=22) or MPC coupled with plantar fascia specific SE (n=22). Prior to treatment, participants underwent a baseline evaluation. Heel pain was evaluated using the visual analogue scale (VAS), heel tenderness threshold was quantified using a handheld pressure algometer (PA), the functional activities level was assessed using the Activities of Daily Living subscale of the Foot and Ankle Ability Measure (ADL/FAAM), and the sagittal thickness (ST) of the proximal insertion of the plantar fascia was measured with musculoskeletal ultrasound (MSK US). Following treatment, post intervention evaluation was performed using the same outcome measures.

LLU Discipline

Physical Therapy


Physical Therapy


School of Allied Health Professions

First Advisor

Petrofsky, Jerrold S.

Second Advisor

Daher, Noha S.

Third Advisor

Laymon, Michael S.

Fourth Advisor

Lohman, Everett B.

Fifth Advisor

Syed, Hasan M.

Degree Name

Doctor of Science (DSc)

Degree Level


Year Degree Awarded


Date (Title Page)




Library of Congress/MESH Subject Headings

Fasciitis - Plantar - Therapy; Electric Stimulation Therapy; Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation; Muscle Stretching Exercises; Physical Therapy Modalities; Severity of Illness Index; Pain Measurement

Subject - Local

Plantar Fasciitis; Soft Tissue Disorders; Monophasic Pulsed Current; Heel Pain; Heel Tenderness Threshold; Foot and Ankle Ability Measure



Page Count


Digital Format


Digital Publisher

Loma Linda University Libraries

Usage Rights

This title appears here courtesy of the author, who has granted Loma Linda University a limited, non-exclusive right to make this publication available to the public. The author retains all other copyrights.


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Loma Linda University. Del E. Webb Memorial Library. University Archives