The utilization of Recovery Oriented Care (U-ROC) training program was developed based on a needs assessment conducted on clinical supervisors. The goal of the program was to provide a training program that would further enhance the development and supervisor knowledge in the utilization of recovery oriented care’s (ROC) 10 principles in supervision. The training program addressed the needs of supervisors in the California Mental Health Service Act organizations that are using ROC in their supervision with supervisees. The program provided supervisors with information on the utilization of ROC principles in supervision. Supervisors typically follow various supervision models or therapeutic interventions. As new models and interventions are introduced into the field of behavioral health, supervisors are typically the ones that will assist in the dissemination of information and application of the model or intervention. The following objectives and activities provided measureable outcomes to indicate the enhanced development and knowledge of the supervisor. These objectives were measured by results from the U-ROC multiple choice and self-report survey at 3 different time points (pre test, posttest, and one-month follow up). Upon completion of the 4 hour U-ROC training, supervisors are (1) knowledgeable on the background of ROC and Mental Health Service Act (MHSA), the improvement in their knowledge in ROC prior to and after training will be indicated by a difference in scores on the pre and post test; (2) knowledgeable about the 10 principles and have identified at least one new way to apply the principles during supervision. (3) Discuss how the principles apply to the process of supervision. (4) Demonstrate through role-play their ability to utilize ROC principles in supervision. The training program evaluation is based on the U-ROC multiple choice test and self-report survey pre test, posttest, and one month follow up. The results of supervisors scores indicated to the evaluator that supervisors are able to (1) demonstrate that they are aware of the different principles and its meaning (2) utilize the principles in their supervision (3) have a greater knowledge of the application of the principles by implementing the various skills they learned from the training.

LLU Discipline

Marital and Family Therapy


Counseling and Family Sciences


School of Behavioral Health

First Advisor

Baker, Winetta

Second Advisor

Huenergardt, Douglas

Third Advisor

Loewy, Olivia

Degree Name

Doctor of Marital and Family Therapy (DMFT)

Degree Level


Year Degree Awarded


Date (Title Page)




Library of Congress/MESH Subject Headings

Mental Health Services - Organization & Administration; Psychiatry - Organization & Administration; Counseling - Organization & Administration; Clinical Competence; Staff Development - Programmed Instruction

Subject - Local

Recovery Oriented Care; California Mental Health Service Act;


Doctoral Project

Page Count


Digital Format


Digital Publisher

Loma Linda University Libraries

Usage Rights

This title appears here courtesy of the author, who has granted Loma Linda University a limited, non-exclusive right to make this publication available to the public. The author retains all other copyrights.


Loma Linda University Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Collection Website



Loma Linda University. Del E. Webb Memorial Library. University Archives

Included in

Counseling Commons