The problem-focused/emotion-focused coping distinction has been widely accepted since Lazarus and Folkman first defined this model in the 1980's. However, some researchers have criticized this distinction; for example, while problem-focused coping involved engaging strategies, emotion-focused coping involved engaging and avoidant strategies. Tobin et al. recognized this inconsistency and suggested that a better way to define coping was through engagement/disengagement. A separate but related development in the coping field involves defining types of religious coping. Researchers have only recently recognized the role of religion as individuals deal with stressful events. For example, with a retrospective methodology, Pargament et al. found religious coping predicted variance in health outcomes above and beyond nonreligious coping. The present study integrates these theories and applies the contemporary definition of coping to determine whether religious coping predicts physical and mental health outcomes beyond engagement/disengagement coping after a standardized final examination stressors. One hundred seventy-four undergraduate students completed an online survey during two time points: as they prepared for final exams, and after they completed final exams. Factor analysis of the Religious Coping Measure (Pargament et al, 2000) indicated that two coping patterns emerged: Positive/Engaged Religious Coping and Negative/Disengaged Religious Coping. Nonreligious Engaged and Disengaged Coping correlated significantly with Distress before and after finals. After controlling for Nonreligious Coping, Negative/Disengaged religious coping predicted Distress before and after finals. Neither Nonreligious nor Religious Coping predicted significant variance in Colds, before or after finals. Longitudinal analyses indicated that coping before finals did not predict health outcomes after finals. Similarities of factor patterns of Nonreligious and Religious Coping are discussed, as well as examining coping and health with the context of the stressor.
Kelly R. Morton
Kendal C. Boyd
Jerry W. Lee
Master of Arts (MA)
Year Degree Awarded
Date (Title Page)
Library of Congress/MESH Subject Headings
Grief; Bereavement -- Psychological aspects; Psychology and religion; Quality of life; Stress (Psychology)
Loma Linda University Libraries
This title appears here courtesy of the author, who has granted Loma Linda University a limited, non-exclusive right to make this publication available to the public. The author retains all other copyrights.
Veluz, Richelin R., "Longitudinal Evaluation of Nonreligious Coping, Religious Coping, Health, and Distress" (2007). Loma Linda University Electronic Theses, Dissertations & Projects. 845.
Loma Linda University Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Loma Linda University. Del E. Webb Memorial Library. University Archives