Fibromyalgia (FM) is a chronic disorder characterized by widespread musculoskeletal pain, fatigue, and/or multiple tender points located on the neck, shoulders, back, hips, arms or legs that hurt when touched. FM can be a debilitating condition with financial, emotional, interpersonal, and health costs that can affect not only the person diagnosed, but his or her family and friends. Presently, the etiology of FM is largely unknown and there is no definitive cure. Researchers have identified several possible contributing factors in the development and maintenance of FM, including genetics, abnormalities in the neuroendocrine system, and sleep disturbances as well as psychiatric disorders. Victimization experiences (e.g., sexual and physical abuse) have also been cited in the literature as a contributing factor. Prevalence rates for physical abuse and sexual abuse in clinical samples range from 18% to 47.2% and 9.5% to 66.7%, respectively. However, results obtained from studies using community representative samples have not been consistent. Possible explanations for the discrepancy are discussed. Additionally, the interplay between mental health and victimization experiences in FM are discussed using McEwen’s (1998) allostatic load hypothesis and Van Houdenhove & Egle’s (2004) biopsychosocial model of stress and FM.
School of Science and Technology
Doctor of Psychology (PsyD)
Year Degree Awarded
Date (Title Page)
Library of Congress/MESH Subject Headings
Fibromyalgia; Mental Health -- outlines; Nervous System Diseases -- outlines; Fatigue Syndrome, Chronic -- outlines; Arthritis, Rheumatoid -- outlines; Crime Victims -- psychology; Family -- psychology.
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Kloeppel, Eric J., "Mental Health and Victimization Experiences in Fibromyalgia: A Literature Review" (2010). Loma Linda University Electronic Theses, Dissertations & Projects. 891.
Loma Linda University Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Loma Linda University. Del E. Webb Memorial Library. University Archives