Inhibition of microRNA-210 provides neuroprotection in hypoxic-ischemic brain injury in neonatal rats
Neurobiology of disease
Perinatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) is associated with high neonatal mortality and severe long-term neurologic morbidity. Yet the mechanisms of brain injury in infants with HIE remain largely elusive. The present study determined a novel mechanism of microRNA-210 (miR-210) in silencing endogenous neuroprotection and increasing hypoxic-ischemic brain injury in neonatal rats. The study further revealed a potential therapeutic effect of miR-210 inhibition using complementary locked nucleic acid oligonucleotides (miR-210-LNA) in 10-day-old neonatal rats in the Rice-Vannucci model. The underlying mechanisms were investigated with intracerebroventricular injection (i.c.v) of miR-210 mimic, miR-210-LNA, glucocorticoid receptor (GR) agonist and antagonist. Luciferase reporter gene assay was conducted for identification of miR-210 targeting GR 3'untranslated region. The results showed that the HI treatment significantly increased miR-210 levels in the brain, and miR-210 mimic significantly decreased GR protein abundance and exacerbated HI brain injury in the pups. MiR-210-LNA administration via i.c.v. 4h after the HI insult significantly decreased brain miR-210 levels, increased GR protein abundance, reduced HI-induced neuronal death and brain infarct size, and improved long-term neurological function recovery. Of importance, the intranasal delivery of miR-210-LNA 4h after the HI insult produced similar effects in decreasing HI-induced neonatal brain injury and improving neurological function later in life. Altogether, the present study provides evidence of a novel mechanism of miR-210 in a neonatal HI brain injury model, and suggests a potential therapeutic approach of miR-210 inhibition in the treatment of neonatal HIE.
Ma, Qingyi; Dasgupta, Chiranjib; Li, Yong; Bajwa, Nikita M.; Xiong, Fuxia; Harding, Benjamin; Hartman, Richard; and Zhang, Lubo, "Inhibition of microRNA-210 provides neuroprotection in hypoxic-ischemic brain injury in neonatal rats" (2016). LLU Faculty Publications. 339.