Ac-YVAD-CMK Decreases Blood-Brain Barrier Degradation by Inhibiting Caspase-1 Activation of Interleukin-1β in Intracerebral Hemorrhage Mouse Model
Translational stroke research
Among many proinflammatory cytokines, interleukin-1β (IL-1β) is considered a key mediator of neuronal injury. However, in order to become activated, it must be processed and cleaved by a caspase-1 enzyme. In this study, we tested the neuroprotective effect of Ac-YVAD-CMK, a known selective caspase-1 inhibitor, in a mouse model of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). Sixty-six adult male CD-1 mice were subjected to collagenase-induced ICH. Ac-YVAD-CMK or vehicle was administered into the left lateral ventricle 20 min before ICH modeling. Brain edema and neurological functions were assessed at 24 and 72 h after the surgery. Expression of IL-1β, phosphorylated JNK, tight junction protein zona occludens 1 (ZO-1), and matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) were measured by Western blot along with MMP-9 activity measured by zymography at 24 h after ICH. At 24 h after ICH, Ac-YVAD-CMK treatment significantly reduced brain edema and improved neurological functions. The neuroprotection was associated with downregulation of IL-1β, JNK, MMP-9, and an inhibition of ZO-1 degradation in brain. We conclude that Ac-YVAD-CMK protects the brain against ICH-induced injury, and the neuroprotective effect may result from anti-inflammation-induced blood-brain barrier protection.
Wu, Bihua; Ma, Qingyi; Khatibi, Nikan; Chen, Wanqiu; Sozen, Takumi; Cheng, Oumei; and Tang, Jiping, "Ac-YVAD-CMK Decreases Blood-Brain Barrier Degradation by Inhibiting Caspase-1 Activation of Interleukin-1β in Intracerebral Hemorrhage Mouse Model" (2010). LLU Faculty Publications. 370.