Class Year



School of Medicine


Laparoendoscopic single-site (LESS) nephrectomy provides excellent cosmetic outcomes, but is technically challenging due to loss of triangulation and increased instrument collision. A novel Percutaneous Externally Assembled Laparoscopic (PEAL) surgical system was developed to simplify minimally invasive surgery while providing a nearly scarless outcome. In this study, the feasibility of the PEAL system for nephrectomy was determined.

Included in

Urology Commons



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