The purpose of this study was to design and implement a durable, realistic, and low-cost phantom kidney model for percutaneous renal access that could improve a novice surgeon’s technical skills without compromising patient safety.
Ewald, Jonathan; Cheng, Julie; Engelhart, Shawn; Wilkinson, Michael; Hajiha, Mohammad; Wagner, Hillary; and Baldwin, Duane D.
"A Durable, Realistic, Low-Cost Training Model for Percutaneous Renal Access Using Ballistic Gelatin,"
Loma Linda University Student Journal: Vol. 3
, Article 15.
Available at: https://scholarsrepository.llu.edu/llu-student-journal/vol3/iss1/15