Effect of Preprandial Consumption of Cacao Nibs vs. Pecans on Appetite
Master of Science in Nutrition and Dietetics Research Reports 2017
PURPOSE. The purpose of this graduate student research study is to compare the differential effects of cacao nibs and pecans on calorie intake. METHODS. Participants (n=34) were asked to log food intake for three days (Tuesday through Thursday) for three weeks. They were instructed to consume an intervention (cacao nibs or pecans) 15‐30 minutes prior to mealtime with one 8 oz cup of water. During week one, participants were asked to complete questionnaires. During week two they were asked to log their usual intake. During week three, they consumed cacao nibs as intervention. During week four, they consumed pecans as intervention. At week five, postquestionnaires were administered and data was collected. After organizing data for all participants, 15 of them were selected for data analysis (others were eliminated due to non‐compliance). RESULTS. Both cacao nibs and pecans decrease appetite; however, only pecans showed a statistically significant difference (p = .02) based on Visual Analogue Scales. Calorie percentages for dinner were calculated and cacao nibs showed statistically significant mean difference of 9% between the two days analyzed (p = .02). CONCLUSIONS. The results from this study indicate that consumption of either cacao nibs or pecans decrease appetite. Pecan consumption prior to mealtime showed a statistically significant decrease in appetite, whereas cacao nibs did not. A larger sample size is needed to confirm findings
Nutrition and Dietetics
Nutrition and Dietetics
School of Allied Health Professions
Carter, James, III
Master of Science (MS)
Year Degree Awarded
Date (Title Page)
Library of Congress/MESH Subject Headings
Nutrition; Dietetics; Nuts - Health aspects; Preprandial Periods
Pecans; Cacao Nibs; Appetite
Loma Linda University Libraries
This title appears here courtesy of the author, who has granted Loma Linda University a limited, non-exclusive right to make this publication available to the public. The author retains all other copyrights.
Borjas, Rebecca; Ghaniezadeh, Khadeja; and Tay, Eunice, "Effect of Preprandial Consumption of Cacao Nibs vs. Pecans on Appetite" (2017). Loma Linda University Research Reports. 2.
Loma Linda University Research Reports
Loma Linda University. University Libraries.