Report Title

Effect of Preprandial Consumption of Cacao Nibs vs. Pecans on Appetite

Collective Title

Master of Science in Nutrition and Dietetics Research Reports 2017


PURPOSE. The purpose of this graduate student research study is to compare the differential effects of cacao nibs and pecans on calorie intake. METHODS. Participants (n=34) were asked to log food intake for three days (Tuesday through Thursday) for three weeks. They were instructed to consume an intervention (cacao nibs or pecans) 15‐30 minutes prior to mealtime with one 8 oz cup of water. During week one, participants were asked to complete questionnaires. During week two they were asked to log their usual intake. During week three, they consumed cacao nibs as intervention. During week four, they consumed pecans as intervention. At week five, postquestionnaires were administered and data was collected. After organizing data for all participants, 15 of them were selected for data analysis (others were eliminated due to non‐compliance). RESULTS. Both cacao nibs and pecans decrease appetite; however, only pecans showed a statistically significant difference (p = .02) based on Visual Analogue Scales. Calorie percentages for dinner were calculated and cacao nibs showed statistically significant mean difference of 9% between the two days analyzed (p = .02). CONCLUSIONS. The results from this study indicate that consumption of either cacao nibs or pecans decrease appetite. Pecan consumption prior to mealtime showed a statistically significant decrease in appetite, whereas cacao nibs did not. A larger sample size is needed to confirm findings

LLU Discipline

Nutrition and Dietetics


Nutrition and Dietetics


School of Allied Health Professions

First Advisor

Carter, James, III

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Degree Level


Year Degree Awarded


Date (Title Page)




Library of Congress/MESH Subject Headings

Nutrition; Dietetics; Nuts - Health aspects; Preprandial Periods


Pecans; Cacao Nibs; Appetite


Research Report

Page Count

20 p.

Digital Format


Digital Publisher

Loma Linda University Libraries

Usage Rights

This title appears here courtesy of the author, who has granted Loma Linda University a limited, non-exclusive right to make this publication available to the public. The author retains all other copyrights.


Loma Linda University Research Reports

Collection Website


Loma Linda University. University Libraries.