This study compared the effectiveness of a multicomponent smoking cessation/reduction program (”M") at one worksite (N = 81), with the same program plus incentives and team competition ("I") at a second worksite (N = 68). Incentives were discontinued at six months. A third worksite (N = 36) received a traditional smoking cessation program ("T').
The "I" program attracted a higher percentage of hourly (blue-collar) smokers (18.5%) compared to the "M" program (9.3%), or the "T" program (7.9%). Incentives with competition were also effective for improving abstinence for as long as 6 months (41%) compared to the "M" program (23%), and for 12 months compared with the "T" program (11%). Incentives with competition, however, did not enhance quit rates at the 12-month period (37%) compared with the "M" program (30%). A smoking census also showed abstinence rates among smokers not joining either program (14%) were not significantly different from those in the "T' program at 12 months.
Results indicate a multicomponent program involving telephone counseling at the worksite may be just as effective for long-term smoking cessation as one with incentives added, and more effective than a traditional program. An incentive/competition program, however, may attract more blue-collar workers.
School of Public Health
Jerry W. Lee
Joyce W. Hopp
Wesley S. Youngberg
Doctor of Public Health (DrPH)
Year Degree Awarded
Date (Title Page)
Library of Congress/MESH Subject Headings
Smoking Cessation; Motivation; Health Education
Loma Linda University Libraries
This title appears here courtesy of the author, who has granted Loma Linda University a limited, non-exclusive right to make this publication available to the public. The author retains all other copyrights.
Matson, Dyann M., "The Impact of an Incentive/Competition Program on Participation and Smoking Cessation Among High Risk Smokers at the Worksite" (1992). Loma Linda University Electronic Theses, Dissertations & Projects. 1101.
Loma Linda University Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Loma Linda University. Del E. Webb Memorial Library. University Archives