George Maeda


Properties of the lateral olfactory tract (LOT) action potential and cortical evoked potential (EPSP) were studied using discrete stimuli applied to the tract in acute and chronic preparations. Stimulus response curves for both presynaptic (action) and postsynaptic (EPSP) potentials were sigmoidal and linearly related over the entire range. Simulated action potentials were used to determine the diameter to amplitude relationship, an intermediate step for finding the threshold as a function of tract axon diameter. Our results indicate that threshold is proportional to (diameter) -3.4 instead of (diameter) -1 as found by others in frog peripheral nerve. Further work is required to test the validity of this method. The tract membrane time constant determined from strength-duration data was 0.3 msec.

Divergent and convergent LOT to cortex pathways have been reported. We found that a given cortical cell could be activated equally well from sites anterior or posterior to the recording electrode. This supports the anatomical work of others showing collaterals leaving the tract to synapse with cortical cells, with the main axon sending collaterals along the length of the tract (divergence). Neurons were also activated with similar thresholds at points across the tract trajectory, indicative of convergence from several axons. Antidromic axons had punctate threshold points.

Centrifugal axons originating from cortical neurons were found in the olfactory tract. To show this, middle prepyriform cortical neurons were antidromically driven by peduncular volleys. Antidromic cells had much shorter latencies than orthodromically driven cells (Kolmogorov- Smirnov Test). Further, antidromic cells were found slightly above the superficial pyramidal cell layer or in it, the area thought to be the source of centrifugal fibers because of retrograde degeneration following bulbar lesions. The existence of centrifugal fibers points to the possibility of cortical control over olfactory information processed in the bulb.

Orthodromically driven cells were classified into firing pattern groups similar to those described in previous studies. Temporal firing patterns determined by poststimulus time histograms and their integrals were used to further separate these cells into subclasses. Generally, spontaneously active cells were inhibited by LOT volleys, the inhibitory period lengthening with increased stimulus intensity. Two recovery patterns were observed, a gradual smooth recovery to spontaneity and a rebound type. Modifications or additions to wiring diagrams presented by others are not suggested in this study.

LLU Discipline





Graduate School

First Advisor

T. Joe Willey

Second Advisor

Kenneth A. Arendt

Third Advisor

Elwood S. McCluskey

Fourth Advisor

C. Duane Zimmerman

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Degree Level


Year Degree Awarded


Date (Title Page)




Library of Congress/MESH Subject Headings

Olfactory Bulb -- physiology; Cats -- physiology



Page Count

vi; 119

Digital Format


Digital Publisher

Loma Linda University Libraries

Usage Rights

This title appears here courtesy of the author, who has granted Loma Linda University a limited, non-exclusive right to make this publication available to the public. The author retains all other copyrights.


Loma Linda University Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Collection Website


Loma Linda University. Del E. Webb Memorial Library. University Archives

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