Nearly 3.1 million individuals have died of AIDS as of December 2002 and more than 38.6 million individuals were identified as being infected with HIV (Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AEDS (UNAIDS) and World Health Organization (WHO) 2002). Psychoneuroimmunology is a discipline that increases our understanding of the relationships between psychosocial factors, the central nervous system, the immune system, and disease. From this perspective, this study reviews the biopsychosocial medical model and components of the stress-immunity-health (SET) model. The constructs of stress and social support are discussed and defined referencing current theory and research. In addition, physiological mechanisms of stress and the immune system are discussed to provide the foundations of the SET model. This study specifically examines six types of perceived social support as buffers of three types stress and their effects on immune functioning in the progression of HIV to AIDS. The sample consisted of 97 males diagnosed with HIV/AIDS receiving comprehensive care at a center for immunology. In general, results indicated that the sample perceived higher than average levels of social support, average levels of stress, and exhibited compromised immune functioning. Applications to the SIH model can be understood in relation to these positive social indicators.
Mary-Catherin (Kiti) Freier
Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
Year Degree Awarded
Date (Title Page)
Library of Congress/MESH Subject Headings
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome -- psychology; HIV Infections; Psychotherapy; Psychoneuroimmunology; Immune System Diseases; Stress, Psychological.
Loma Linda University Libraries
This title appears here courtesy of the author, who has granted Loma Linda University a limited, non-exclusive right to make this publication available to the public. The author retains all other copyrights.
Dutile, Robert Louis, "Multiple Psychosocial Factors as Predictors in the Progression of HIV-1 to AIDS" (2003). Loma Linda University Electronic Theses, Dissertations & Projects. 874.
Loma Linda University Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Loma Linda University. Del E. Webb Memorial Library. University Archives